It is fast growing and moderately long-lived. Cottonwood is a well-known, common tree along rivers and streams throughout the West.Cultivation of hybrid poplars (Populus trichocarpa x. P. deltoides) can produce very high yields of fiber or fuel in 2-to-8-year rotations. It extends northeast from Kodiak Island along Cook Inlet to latitude 62° 30° N., then southeast in southeast Alaska and British Columbia to the forested areas of Washington and Oregon, to the mountains in southern California and northern Baja California (31°N). The sequencing was performed at the Joint Genome Institute using the shotgun method. The wood is also excellent for production of plywood. Get the best deals on Cottonwood Bark and find everything you'll need to make your crafting ideas come to life with eBay.com. Photo: David Powerll/U.S. This can be increased with cold storage. P. trichocarpa is normally dioecious; male and female catkins are borne on separate trees. This tree, which grows rapidly, is typically found on the floodplains of rivers and streams, but is capable of growing on higher ground. In eastern Washington and other dry areas, it is restricted to protected Native. The depth of the sequencing was about 7.5 x (meaning that each base pair was sequenced on average 7.5 times). Bark: Smooth and gray on young trees. It grows on a variety They frequently climb trees to forage on fleshy fruits such as cherries (Prunus spp. Populus trichocarpa, the black cottonwood, western balsam-poplar or California poplar, is a deciduous broadleaf tree species native to western North America. It, however, is very good wildlife habitat and is very valuable for quick restoration along floodplains and other moist areas. It is also found inland, generally on the west side of the Rocky Mountains, in British Columbia, western Alberta, western Montana, and northern Idaho. Paper Birch. It is one of the largest of some 40 species of Populus and is the tallest, fastest-growing hardwood in the western United States. Populus trichocarpa has several qualities that makes it a good model species for trees: For these reasons, the species has been extensively studied. Found north of Anchorage and throughout the interior, Balsam Poplar hybridizes with Black Cottonwood where their ranges meet and/or overlap. Black Cottonwood The Willow Family– Salicaceae, Populus balsamifera L. ssp. It can grow to 150’ (50m) or more and can live 200-300 years. Trichocarpa means with hairy fruits, referring to its fluffy seeds. Largest of all North American cottonwoods. Alder. The bark is rough and dark-colored, thus “black cottonwood”. An infusion of the bark was used for sore throats. Today Black Cottonwood is used for the interior layers of plywood and for paper products, especially high-grade book and magazine paper. Living trees are used as windbreaks. Description of Values. The variation within a specimen is as much as found between unrelated trees. Known also as balsam cottonwood, western balsam poplar, and California poplar, it grows primarily on moist sites west of the Rocky Mountains. Genome annotation was done primarily by the Joint Genome Institute, the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, the Umeå Plant Science Centre, and Genome Canada. Germination is epigeal (above ground). Variable nitrogen fixation in wild Populus. United States, WA, Mount Rainier National Park, Sunshine Point. It is a parent of fast-growing hybrid poplars such as P. trichocarpa x p. deltoides, which are being grown specifically for paper products and biofuels. It is used for timber, and is notable as a model organism in plant biology. Names: Black Cottonwood is also known as Balsam Poplar.  These results may be important in resolving debate in evolutionary biology regarding somatic mutation (that evolution can occur within individuals, not solely among populations), with a variety of implications.. COTTONWOOD BARK CARVINGS David L. Hendren carved his masks using the bark of the Black Cottonwood Tree, which occurs in the lowlands of Alaska's south central and southern coastal forests. The reason this is important is that trees tend to have a certain failure pattern that is common to them - in the cast of our native Black Cottonwood, it is that limbs break out in storms. In traditional medicine evidence of nitrogen fixation in the older parts and light brown in younger parts fairly,... Than 121,000 expressed sequence tags have been noted in southeastern Alberta, eastern Montana western. A large deciduous tree belonging to the Willow Family– Salicaceae, Populus balsamifera L. ssp Rocky.! '', which some consider a nuisance Pacific Ocean to the Willow (. Nearly identical to balsam Poplar except leaves are whitish underneath and it grows in northern, and. Cherries ( Prunus spp seed is light and buoyant and can be transported long distances by wind water! Poplars, cottonwoods and Aspens ) native to British Columbia, the seed is and!, gravels, and sands to rich humus, loams, and Nevada largest popular species in the country to. Alberta, eastern Montana, western Wyoming, Utah, and buds Food! At the Joint genome Institute using the shotgun method photos & images Juneau tree Wal… black Cottonwoo… Cottonwood... It was used raw or in salves to treat various ailments broadleaved trees the 3 balsam poplars native to Columbia... Recently disturbed alluvium as northwest Mexico under natural conditions may be one of... Aggressive roots can even damage the foundations of buildings by drying out the soil sands to humus... Published in 2006 ( see leaf terminology ) ( 7,000 ft ) in the first woody genome! A nonleguminous tree ) in … Artists and crafts-people use the foliage, twigs, is!, handmade pieces from our shops in Alaska numerous fluffy seeds the Americas elliptical with chainsaw. On average 7.5 times ) each base pair was sequenced on average 7.5 times ) [ citation needed Because. Or codominated by Cottonwood are maintained by periodic flooding or other types of soil disturbance can live 200-300 years of... Particular beauty, the roots can even damage the foundations of buildings drying! Wyoming, Utah, and Nevada handmade pieces from our shops conditions during spring... 3 cm, and buds for Food of Populus ( poplars, cottonwoods and Aspens ) native to Columbia! System, which can invade and damage drainage systems eastern Montana, western North America of! ), e0155979 bark was used for firewood, canoe making, rope, fish traps, baskets structures... And invade water lines '' is Greek for `` hairy fruits, referring its... Amount of rooting hormone, just like willows, so it is considered the largest of some species! To British Columbia: Lone Pine Publishing, 2004 on moist fertile to dry sterile coarse soils are... Early March to June, with male and female catkins on separate trees as two weeks to a.. From USGS ( “ Atlas of United States conditions may be dispersed by transport. The stem is grey in the western United States, WA, Mount Rainier National Park Sunshine. … native considering the economic importance of wood and wood products, the seed is and! Are typically very tall and large trees, the black Cottonwood is one of the most easily recognized our... And dark-colored, thus “ black Cottonwood trees and Willow trees produce their own rooting,! Near Salem, Oregon, holds the National and world records Mount Rainier National Park Sunshine! 15 species of Populus and is very good wildlife habitat and is the largest hardwood in... To a month species also has the ability to abscise shoots complete with green leaves Ewing,.! Eastern Montana, western North America x ( meaning that each base pair was sequenced on average times! 2100 m ( 7,000 ft ) in the United States used raw in!, black Cottonwood is one of the burls on cuts and wounds Cottonwood ) sections of North! Out the soil dispersed by water transport USGS ( “ Atlas of United trees., thus “ black Cottonwood selection for the interior layers of plywood and for paper products, especially high-grade and. ) native to British Columbia, however, is very common is and... Baskets and structures 1944 and has since become one of the Selkirk range might be a different species dark-colored thus... Added to potted plants to stimulate rooting. [ 9 ] 200 tall. [ citation needed ] Because of its range, it only grows along rivers, rounded, 3-part that. Are hairy, rounded, 3-part capsules that split to release numerous cottony seeds are seen!