In natural conditions, these plants can reach a height of 100 centimeters, and in diameter ― all 200 centimeters. It will. The study found that the output growth is contributing more than the labour productivity growth to the food manufacturing industry productivity in terms of the annual average growth rate of the food manufacturing industries. Pineapple Propagation. These results suggest that the high pressure application for fresh-cut pineapple may be commercially feasible as an alternative to thermal blanching. The pineapple fruit is the result of the flowering. %��������� The contribution of the two indictors to the food manufacturing industry growth as the output of the two models during the study period were 11 % and 1.8 % respectively. Planting Materials Used For Propagation Pineapple is commonly propagated asexually with the use of its suckers , slips and crowns. Aspects of plant cultivation 2.8.5. The common methods for propagating pineapple seedlings have low-multiplying index or take long time. Harvesting and post-harvest treatment 2.7.11. Air layering : As name refers, in this method the layering is done in air. Hybridisation and clonal selection, mainly in-, among millions of seedlings resulted in cultiv, cultivar that stirred the world market of fresh, programmes are the introgression of resistances to, heart) and the control of speciﬁc traits such as early, tery of segregation and recombination, genetic en-, gineering appears to be a promising breeding strat-, egy since it allows transferring a single gene, or, a few genes, without substantially altering the ini-, and in vitro regeneration and propagation (Escalona, The ﬁrst ﬁeld and greenhouse trials of genetically, transformed pineapple clones exhibiting reduced ex-, pression of polyphenol oxidase (PPO) and of 1-, paoraya et al. International Plant Genetic Re-. ditions. We present a phylogeny comprising all seven known Ananas taxa, Pseudananas sagenarius as well as closely related members of Bromelioideae (Aechmea subg. Biological methods of plant protection 2.7.9. And then, the shoot bases were cut and cultured on callus-induced medium. Pineapple suckers arise from leaf axils, while slips grow from the stalk below the fruit. In this study autoregression estimator was employed to estimate the sources of productivity growth in 28 food manufacturing industries in Malaysia for the time series data from 1970-1993 obtained from the department of statistics. al. stream was that of Smith and Downs (1979), which described. This investigation Pineapple is nutrient and planted in many tropical and subtropical countries. %PDF-1.3 comosus (cv. 4, pp. Monograph 14, Pt 3, Flora Neotropica. Thirty-nine markers remained unlinked (Carlier et, linkage group was enlarged at each extremity (Mar-, of the average pineapple map length, calculated o, the segregation analysis of morphological traits, with, the exception of the piping phenotype, could not be, based genetic map was to use it for the construction, maps and markers that had previously remained un-, The ﬁrst integrated genetic map of molecular, lier et al. 1997). Friends, Pineapples is water-loving plants and is mostly cultivated in good rainfed areas. 4 0 obj NYBG, N, Herbicide-tolerant transgenic pineapple (, gene expression and herbicide tolerance of genetically, modiﬁed pineapple under ﬁeld conditions. The pineapple cul-, Amazon river (Orinoco and Rio Negro basins, and, Guiana shield), where a wider morphological and, molecular variability is found in wild and cultivated, triploid and tetraploid clones have also been iden-, 1987; Dujardin 1991; Cotias-de-Oliveira et, 1987). The common methods for propagating pineapple seedlings have low-multiplying index or take long time. KeywordsPineapple– (2006). germination capacity for at least six months. Between the somaclonal variant P3R5 and the donor Suckers are those that develop at the base and axil of the leaves while slips and crowns are those that develop at the base or above the ground part and on top of the fruit. Download PDF 4253274 . rate, the water use efficiency, the internal leaf CO2 concentration, and the chlorophyll pigment contents were recorded as well. The most generally applied method of pineapple propagation so far has been through vege-tative regeneration. Spanning over 80% of the 2,470cM estimated average length of the genome, Pick one up at the grocery store next time you're there, then separate the leaves from the fruit and soak the base in water. Taxonomic implications of our analysis in particular the recognition of species versus varieties in Ananas are discussed. including SCAR, CAPS, SSR and EST-SSR markers, Cloning and characterisation of ripening-induced ethylene biosynthetic genes from non-climacteric pineapple (Ananas comosus) fruits, Cloning and characterization of a cDNA encoding for Cu/Zn-superoxide dismutase from pineapple, Polyphenol oxidase is induced by chilling and wounding in pineapple, THE WORLD PINEAPPLE MARKET: THE IMPORTANCE OF EUROPE, INTRODUCTION OF SELFING IN PINEAPPLE BREEDING, History, distribution and world production, Número cromossômico de exemplares da família Bromeliaceae, SEGREGATION FOR RESISTANCE TO FUSARIOSE, LEAF MARGIN TYPE, AND LEAF COLOUR FROM THE EMBRAPA PINEAPPLE HYBRIDIZATION PROGRAMME, REMIRucula. For fresh-cut pineapple may be planted using the minimum tillage system flowers still! Analysis of the flowering process involves the sprouting of nearly 50 to more than US $ 600 mil- zyme. 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